HOMILY ON SWEARING AND PERJURY

from Short-Title Catalogue 13675. Renaissance Electronic Texts 1.1.
copyright 1994 Ian Lancashire (ed.) University of Toronto

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<ttdv2 n="7" t="sermon">

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<heading>
<bkdv3 n="2604"><f t="rl">A SERMON AGAINST<f t="r">
<bkdv3 n="2605">Swearing and Periury.<f t="bk">
</heading>

<ttdv3 n="1" t="part">

<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-1"><bkdv3 n="2606">A<f t="bl">Lmighty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, to the intent his most
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-2"><bkdv3 n="2607">holy Name should be had in honour, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-3"><bkdv3 n="2608">euermore be magnified of the people, com{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-4"><bkdv3 n="2609">mandeth that no man should take his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-5"><bkdv3 n="2610">Name vainely in his mouth, threatning
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-6"><bkdv3 n="2611">punishment vnto him that vnreuerently
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-7"><bkdv3 n="2612">abuseth it by swearing, forswearing, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-8"><bkdv3 n="2613">blasphemie. To the intent therefore

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2614"><f t="i">How and in
<bkdv3 n="2615">what causes
<bkdv3 n="2616">it is lawfull
<bkdv3 n="2617">to sweare. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-9"><bkdv3 n="2618">that this commandement may be the bet{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-10"><bkdv3 n="2619">ter knowen and kept, it shall bee declared
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-11"><bkdv3 n="2620">vnto you, both how it is lawfull for Chri{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-12"><bkdv3 n="2621">stian people to sweare, and also what pe{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-13"><bkdv3 n="2622">rill and danger it is vainely to sweare, or
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-14"><bkdv3 n="2623">to be forsworne. First, when Iudges require othes of the people for decla{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-15"><bkdv3 n="2624">ration or opening of the trueth, or for execution of iustice, this manner of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-16"><bkdv3 n="2625">swearing is lawfull. Also when men make faithfull promises with cal{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-17"><bkdv3 n="2626">ling to witnesse of the Name of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, to keepe couenants, honest pro{\-}

<bkdv3 n="2627"><fw t="catch">mises.</fw>

<bkdv2 type="page" n="46" sig="D5v" side="outer" forme="2">

<bkdv3 n="2628"><f t="r"><fw t="pag">46</fw> <fw t="header">The I. part of the Sermon</fw><f t="bl">

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-18"><bkdv3 n="2629">mises, statutes, lawes and good customes, as Christian Princes doe in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-19"><bkdv3 n="2630">their conclusions of peace, for conseruation of common wealths, and pri{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-20"><bkdv3 n="2631">uate persons promise their fidelitie in Matrimony, or one to another in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-21"><bkdv3 n="2632">honestie and true friendship: and all men when they doe sweare to keepe
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-22"><bkdv3 n="2633">common lawes, and locall statutes, and good customes, for due order to
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-23"><bkdv3 n="2634">be had and continued among men, when Subiects doe sweare to be true
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-24"><bkdv3 n="2635">and faithfull to their King and Soueraigne Lord, and when Iudges,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-25"><bkdv3 n="2636">Magistrates, and Officers sweare truely to execute their Offices, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-26"><bkdv3 n="2637">when a man would affirme the trueth to the setting foorth of Gods glo{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-27"><bkdv3 n="2638">rie (for the saluation of the people) in open preaching of the Gospel, or in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-28"><bkdv3 n="2639">giuing of good counsell priuately for their soules health: all these maner
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-29"><bkdv3 n="2640">of swearing, for causes necessary and honest, be lawfull. But when men
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-30"><bkdv3 n="2641">doe sweare of custome, in reasoning, buying and selling, or other daily
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-31"><bkdv3 n="2642">communications (as many be common and great swearers) such kind of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-32"><bkdv3 n="2643">swearing is vngodly, vnlawfull, and forbidden by the commandement
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-33"><bkdv3 n="2644">of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">. For such swearing is nothing els, but taking of <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> ho{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-34"><bkdv3 n="2645">ly name in vaine. And here is to be noted, that lawfull swearing is not
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-35"><bkdv3 n="2646">forbidden, but commanded by Almighty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">. For we haue examples
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-36"><bkdv3 n="2647">of <name t="ps">Christ</name>, and godly men, in holy Scripture, that did sweare themselues,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-37"><bkdv3 n="2648">and required othes of others likewise. And <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> Commandement

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2649"><cit work="OT. Deuteronomy 6.13"><f t="r">Deut.6.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-38"><bkdv3 n="2650">is, Thou shalt dread thy Lord <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, and shalt sweare by his Name.

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2651"><cit work="OT. Psalms 63.11"><f t="r">Psalm.63.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-39"><bkdv3 n="2652">And Almightie <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> by his Prophet <f t="r"><name t="ps">Dauid</name><f t="bl"> saith, All men shall be prai{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-40"><bkdv3 n="2653">sed that sweare by him.
<p>

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2654"><cit work="NT. John 3.3"><f t="r">Iohn 3.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-41"><bkdv3 n="2655">Thus did our Sauiour <name t="ps">Christ</name> sweare diuers times, saying, Verily, ve{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2656"><cit work="NT. 2 Corinthians 1.23"><f t="r">2.Cor.1.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-42"><bkdv3 n="2657">rily. And S. <f t="r"><name t="ps">Paul</name><f t="bl"> sweareth thus, I call <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> to witnesse. And Abra{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2658"><cit work="OT. Genesis 24.3"><f t="r">Gen.24.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-43"><bkdv3 n="2659">ham (waxing old) required an oath of his seruant, that he should procure
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-44"><bkdv3 n="2660">a wife for his sonne Isahac, which should come of his owne kinred: and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-45"><bkdv3 n="2661">the seruant did sweare that he would performe his masters will. Abra{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2662"><cit work="OT. Genesis 21.23"><f t="r">Gene.21.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-46"><bkdv3 n="2663">ham also being required, did sweare vnto <f t="r"><name t="ps">Abimelech</name><f t="bl"> the king of <name t="pl">Geraris</name>,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-47"><bkdv3 n="2664">that hee should not hurt him, nor his posteritie, and likewise did <f t="r"><name t="ps">Abimelech</name><f t="bl">
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-48"><bkdv3 n="2665">sweare vnto <f t="r"><name t="ps">Abraham</name><f t="bl">. And <f t="r"><name t="ps">Dauid</name><f t="bl"> did sweare to be and continue a faith{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-49"><bkdv3 n="2666">full friend to <f t="r"><name t="ps">Ionathan</name><f t="bl">, and <f t="r"><name t="ps">Ionathan</name><f t="bl"> did sweare to become a faithfull friend
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-50"><bkdv3 n="2667">vnto <f t="r"><name t="ps">Dauid</name><f t="bl">.
<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-51"><bkdv3 n="2668">Also God once commanded, that if a thing were laide to pledge to any
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-52"><bkdv3 n="2669">man, or left with him to keepe, if the same thing were stollen, or lost, that
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-53"><bkdv3 n="2670">the keeper thereof should be sworne before Iudges, that hee did not con{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-54"><bkdv3 n="2671">ueigh it away, nor vsed any deceit in causing the same to bee conueied a{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2672"><cit work="NT. Hebrews 6.16"><f t="r">Heb.6.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-55"><bkdv3 n="2673">way, by his consent or knowledge. And Saint <f t="r"><name t="ps">Paul</name><f t="bl"> saith, that in all
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-56"><bkdv3 n="2674">matters of controuersie betweene two persons, whereas one sayth, Yea,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-57"><bkdv3 n="2675">and the other, Nay, so as no due proofe can be had of the truth, the end of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-58"><bkdv3 n="2676">euery such controuersie must be an oath ministred by a Iudge. And more{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2677"><cit work="OT. Jeremiah 4.2"><f t="r">Ierem.4.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-59"><bkdv3 n="2678">ouer <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> by the Prophet <f t="r"><name t="ps">Ieremy</name><f t="bl"> sayth, Thou shalt sweare, The Lord
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-60"><bkdv3 n="2679">liueth, in trueth, in iudgement, in righteousnesse. So that whosoeuer
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-61"><bkdv3 n="2680">sweareth when hee is required of a Iudge, let him bee sure in his consci{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-62"><bkdv3 n="2681">ence that his oath haue three conditions, and he shall neuer need to be a{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-63"><bkdv3 n="2682">frayd of periurie.
<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-64"><bkdv3 n="2683">First, he that sweareth, may sweare truely, that is, hee must (setting a{\-}

<bkdv3 n="2684"><fw t="catch">part</fw>

<bkdv2 type="page" n="47" sig="D6r" side="inner" forme="1">

<bkdv3 n="2685"><fw t="header"><f t="r">of Swearing.</fw><fw t="pag">47</fw><f t="bl">

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-65"><bkdv3 n="2686">part all fauour and affection to the parties) haue the trueth onely before

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2687"><f t="i">What con{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2688">dition an
<bkdv3 n="2689">oath ought
<bkdv3 n="2690">to haue.<f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-66"><bkdv3 n="2691">his eyes, and for loue thereof, say and speake that which hee knoweth to
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-67"><bkdv3 n="2692">be trueth, and no further. The second is, he that taketh an oath, must

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2693"><f t="i">The second<f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-68"><bkdv3 n="2694">doe it with iudgement, not rashly and vnaduisedly, but soberly, conside{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-69"><bkdv3 n="2695">ring what an oath is. The third is, hee that Sweareth, must sweare in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-70"><bkdv3 n="2696">righteousnesse: that is, for the very zeale and loue which hee beareth to

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2697"><f t="i">The third. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-71"><bkdv3 n="2698">the defence of innocencie, to the maintenance of the trueth, and of the
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-72"><bkdv3 n="2699">righteousnesse of the matter or cause: all profit, disprofit, all loue and fa{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-73"><bkdv3 n="2700">uour vnto the person for friendship or kinred layd apart. Thus an oath

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2701"><f t="i">Why wee
<bkdv3 n="2702">bee willed in
<bkdv3 n="2703">scripture to
<bkdv3 n="2704">sweare by
<bkdv3 n="2705">the Name
<bkdv3 n="2706">of God. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-74"><bkdv3 n="2707">(if it haue with it these three conditions) is a part of <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> glory,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-75"><bkdv3 n="2708">which we are bound by his commandements to giue vnto him. For hee
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-76"><bkdv3 n="2709">willeth that wee shall sweare onely by his name, not that hee hath plea{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-77"><bkdv3 n="2710">sure in oathes, but like as hee commanded the Iewes to offer sacrifices
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-78"><bkdv3 n="2711">vnto him, not for any delight that he had in them, but to keep the Iewes
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-79"><bkdv3 n="2712">from committing of idolatrie: so he commanding vs to sweare by his ho{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-80"><bkdv3 n="2713">ly name, doeth not teach vs that he delighteth in swearing, but he there{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-81"><bkdv3 n="2714">by forbiddeth all men to giue his glory to any creature in heauen, earth,

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2715"><cit work="OT. Isaiah 42.8"><f t="i">Esai.42. <f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-82"><bkdv3 n="2716">or water. Hitherto you see, that oathes lawfull are commanded of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-83"><bkdv3 n="2717"><f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, vsed of Patriarches and Prophets, of <name t="ps">Christ</name> himselfe, and of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-84"><bkdv3 n="2718">his Apostle <f t="r"><name t="ps">Paul</name><f t="bl">. Therefore Christian people must thinke lawfull oathes,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-85"><bkdv3 n="2719">both godly and necessary. For by lawfull promise and couenants confir{\-}

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2720"><f t="i">Commodi{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2721">ties had by
<bkdv3 n="2722">lawfull oths
<bkdv3 n="2723">made and
<bkdv3 n="2724">obserued. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-86"><bkdv3 n="2725">med by oathes, Princes and their Countries are confirmed in common
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-87"><bkdv3 n="2726">tranquillity |&| peace. By holy promises with calling the name of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-88"><bkdv3 n="2727">to witnesse, we be made liuely members of <name t="ps">Christ</name>, when wee professe his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-89"><bkdv3 n="2728">Religion receiuing the Sacrament of Baptisme. By like holy promise
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-90"><bkdv3 n="2729">the Sacrament of Matrimonie knitteth man and wife in perpetuall
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-91"><bkdv3 n="2730">loue, that they desire not to be separated for any displeasure or aduersity
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-92"><bkdv3 n="2731">that shall after happen. By lawfull oathes, which Kings, Princes,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-93"><bkdv3 n="2732">Iudges, and Magistrates doe sweare, common lawes are kept inuiolate,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-94"><bkdv3 n="2733">Iustice is indifferently ministred, harmelesse persons, fatherlesse children,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-95"><bkdv3 n="2734">widowes, and poore men, are defended from murderers, oppressours, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-96"><bkdv3 n="2735">theeues, that they suffer no wrong, nor take any harme. By lawfull
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-97"><bkdv3 n="2736">oathes, mutuall society, amity, and good order is kept continually in all
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-98"><bkdv3 n="2737">comminalties, as Boroughes, Cities, Townes, and Villages. And by
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-99"><bkdv3 n="2738">lawfull oathes, malefactors are searched out, wrong doers are punished,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-100"><bkdv3 n="2739">and they which sustaine wrong, are restored to their right. Therefore
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-101"><bkdv3 n="2740">lawfull swearing can not be euill, which bringeth vnto vs so many god{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-102"><bkdv3 n="2741">ly, good, and necessary commodities. Wherfore when <name t="ps">Christ</name> so earnest{\-}

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2742"><f t="i">Vaine swea{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2743">ring is for{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2744">bidden. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-103"><bkdv3 n="2745">ly forbad swearing, it may not be vnderstood, as though hee did forbid all
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-104"><bkdv3 n="2746">maner of oathes: but he forbiddeth all vaine swearing and forswearing
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-105"><bkdv3 n="2747">both by <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, and by his creatures, as the common vse of swearing in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-106"><bkdv3 n="2748">buying, selling, and in our dayly communication, to the intent euery
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-107"><bkdv3 n="2749">Christian mans word should be aswell regarded in such matters, as if he
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-108"><bkdv3 n="2750">should confirme his communication with an oath. For euery Christian
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-109"><bkdv3 n="2751">mans word (sayth S. <f t="r"><name t="ps">Hierome</name><f t="bl">) should be so true, that it should bee regar{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-110"><bkdv3 n="2752">ded as an oath. And <f t="r"><name t="ps">Chrysostome</name><f t="bl"> witnessing the same, sayth, It is not
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-111"><bkdv3 n="2753">conuenient to sweare: for what needeth vs to sweare, when it is not

<bkdv3 n="2754"><fw t="catch">lawfull</fw>

<bkdv2 type="page" n="48" sig="D6v" side="outer" forme="1">

<bkdv3 n="2755"><f t="r"><fw t="pag">48</fw> <fw t="header">The II. part of the Sermon</fw>

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2756"><f t="i">An <app>obiectio. <rdg resp="IL">obiecti|_o|;</rdg></app> <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-112"><bkdv3 n="2757">lawfull for one of vs to make a lie vnto another? Peraduenture some
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-113"><bkdv3 n="2758">will say, I am compelled to sweare, for else men that doe commune with

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2759"><f t="i">An answer. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-114"><bkdv3 n="2760">me, or do buy and sell with me will not beleeue me. To this, answereth
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-115"><bkdv3 n="2761">S. <f t="r"><name t="ps">Chrysostome</name><f t="bl">, that he that thus sayth, sheweth himselfe to be an vniust
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-116"><bkdv3 n="2762">and a deceitfull person. For if hee were a trustie man, and his deedes ta{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-117"><bkdv3 n="2763">ken to agree with his words, he should not need to sweare at all. For he
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-118"><bkdv3 n="2764">that vseth trueth and plainenesse in his bargayning and communication,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-119"><bkdv3 n="2765">he shall haue no need by such vaine swearing, to bring himselfe in cre{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-120"><bkdv3 n="2766">dence with his neighbours, nor his neighbours will not mistrust his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-121"><bkdv3 n="2767">sayings. And if his credence be so much lost indeed, that hee thinketh no
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-122"><bkdv3 n="2768">man will beleeue him without he sweare, then hee may well thinke his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-123"><bkdv3 n="2769">credence is cleane gone. For trueth it is (as <f t="r"><name t="ps">Theophylactus</name><f t="bl"> writeth) that
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-124"><bkdv3 n="2770">no man is lesse trusted, then he that vseth much to sweare. And Almigh{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-125"><bkdv3 n="2771">ty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> by the Wise man sayth, That man which sweareth much shall

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2772"><cit work="OT. Ecclesiastes 23.11"><f t="i">Eccl.33. <f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-126"><bkdv3 n="2773">bee full of sinne, and the scourge of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> shall not depart from his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-127"><bkdv3 n="2774">house.
<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-128"><bkdv3 n="2775">But heere some men will say, for excusing of their many oathes in their

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2776"><f t="i">Another ob{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2777">iection. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-129"><bkdv3 n="2778">dayly talke: Why should I not sweare, when I sweare truely? To such
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-130"><bkdv3 n="2779">men it may be sayd, that though they sweare truly, yet in swearing often
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-131"><bkdv3 n="2780">vnaduisedly, for trifles, without necessity, and when they should not
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-132"><bkdv3 n="2781">sweare, they be not without fault, but doe take <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> most holy name
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-133"><bkdv3 n="2782">in vaine. Much more vngodly and vnwise men are they, that abuse

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2783"><f t="i">An answer. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-134"><bkdv3 n="2784"><f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> most holy name, not onely in buying and selling of small
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-135"><bkdv3 n="2785">things dayly in all places, but also in eating, drinking, playing, commu{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-136"><bkdv3 n="2786">ning and reasoning. As if none of these things might be done, except in
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-137"><bkdv3 n="2787">doing of them, the most holy name of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> bee commonly vsed and a{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-138"><bkdv3 n="2788">bused, vainely and vnreuerently talked of, sworne by, and forsworne, to
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-139"><bkdv3 n="2789">the breaking of <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> commandement, and procurement of his in{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.1-140"><bkdv3 n="2790">dignation.

</ttdv3>

<ttdv3 n="2" t="part">

<hr>

<heading>
<bkdv3 n="2791">{P} <f t="bl">The second part of the Sermon of
<bkdv3 n="2792"><f t="i">Swearing. <f t="bk">
</heading>

<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-141"><bkdv3 n="2793">Y<f t="bl">Ou haue beene taught in the first part of this Sermon
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-142"><bkdv3 n="2794">against swearing and periurie, what great danger it is
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-143"><bkdv3 n="2795">to vse the name of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> in vaine. And that all kinde
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-144"><bkdv3 n="2796">of swearing is not vnlawfull, neither against <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl">
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-145"><bkdv3 n="2797">commandement, and that there be three things required
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-146"><bkdv3 n="2798">in a lawfull oath. First, that it bee made for the main{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-147"><bkdv3 n="2799">tenance of the trueth. Secondly, that it bee made with
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-148"><bkdv3 n="2800">iudgement, not rashly and vnaduisedly. Thirdly, for the zeale and loue
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-149"><bkdv3 n="2801">of Iustice. Ye heard also what commodities commeth of lawfull oathes,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-150"><bkdv3 n="2802">and what danger commeth of rash and vnlawfull oathes. Now as con{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-151"><bkdv3 n="2803">cerning the rest of the same matter, you shall vnderstand, that aswell they
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-152"><bkdv3 n="2804">vse the name of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> in vaine, that by an oath make vnlawfull promi{\-}

<bkdv3 n="2805"><fw t="catch">ses</fw>

<bkdv1 type="gathering" n="6" format="folio" in="6s">
<bkdv2 type="page" n="49" sig="E1r" side="outer" forme="1">

<bkdv3 n="2806"><fw t="header"><f t="r">of Swearing</fw><fw t="pag">49</fw><f t="bl">

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-153"><bkdv3 n="2807">ses of good and honest things, and performe them not: as they which
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-154"><bkdv3 n="2808">doe promise euill and vnlawfull things, and doe performe the same. Of

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2809"><f t="i">Lawfull oths
<bkdv3 n="2810">and promi{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2811">ses would be
<bkdv3 n="2812">better re{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2813">garded. <f t="r">
<bkdv3 n="2814"><cit work="OT. Joshua 9.15">Iosh.9.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-155"><bkdv3 n="2815">such men that regard not their godly promises bound by an oath, but
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-156"><bkdv3 n="2816">wittingly and wilfully breaketh them, wee doe reade in holy Scrip{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-157"><bkdv3 n="2817">ture two notable punishments. First, <f t="r"><name t="ps">Iosua</name><f t="bl"> and the people of <name t="pl">Israel</name> made
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-158"><bkdv3 n="2818">a league and faithfull promise of perpetuall amitie and friendship with
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-159"><bkdv3 n="2819">the Gabaonites: not withstanding afterward in the dayes of wicked
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-160"><bkdv3 n="2820"><f t="r"><name t="ps">Saul</name><f t="bl">, many of these Gabaonites were murdered, contrary to the sayde
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-161"><bkdv3 n="2821">faithfull promise made. Wherewith Almighty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> was sore displea{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-162"><bkdv3 n="2822">sed that hee sent an vniuersall hunger vpon the whole countrey, which
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-163"><bkdv3 n="2823">continued by the space of three yeeres. And <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> would not with{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-164"><bkdv3 n="2824">draw his punishment, vntill the sayd offence was reuenged by the death
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-165"><bkdv3 n="2825">of seuen sonnes, or next kinsmen of king <f t="r"><name t="ps">Saul</name><f t="bl">. And whereas <f t="r"><name t="ps">Zedekias</name>

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2826"><cit work="OT. 2 Kings 24.17, 20"><f t="r">2.Kings 24.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-166"><bkdv3 n="2827">king of <name t="pl">Hierusalem</name>, had promised fidelitie to the king of <name t="pl">Chaldea</name>, after{\-}

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2828"><cit work="OT. 2 Kings 25.1-7"><f t="r">chap 25.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-167"><bkdv3 n="2829">warde when <f t="r"><name t="ps">Zedechias</name><f t="bl"> contrarie to his oath and allegiance, did rebell
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-168"><bkdv3 n="2830">against K. <f t="r"><name t="ps">Nabuchodonosor</name><f t="bl">: this heathen king by <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> permission
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-169"><bkdv3 n="2831">and sufferance, inuading the land of Iurie, and besieging the citie of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-170"><bkdv3 n="2832"><name t="pl">Hierusalem</name>, compelled the sayd king <f t="r"><name t="ps">Zedechias</name><f t="bl"> to flee, and in fleeing,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-171"><bkdv3 n="2833">tooke him prisoner, slewe his sonnes before his face, and put out both
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-172"><bkdv3 n="2834">his eyes: and binding him with chaines, led him prisoner miserablie

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2835"><f t="i">Vnlawfull
<bkdv3 n="2836">oathes and
<bkdv3 n="2837">promises
<bkdv3 n="2838">are not to
<bkdv3 n="2839">bee kept. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-173"><bkdv3 n="2840">into Babylon.
<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-174"><bkdv3 n="2841">Thus doeth <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> shew plainely how much hee abhorreth breakers
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-175"><bkdv3 n="2842">of honest promises bound by an oath made in his Name. And of them
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-176"><bkdv3 n="2843">that make wicked promises by an oath, and will performe the same, wee
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-177"><bkdv3 n="2844">haue example in the Scriptures, chiefely of <f t="r"><name t="ps">Herod</name><f t="bl">, of the wicked
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-178"><bkdv3 n="2845">Iewes, and of <f t="r"><name t="ps">Iephtah</name><f t="bl">. <f t="r"><name t="ps">Herode</name><f t="bl"> promised by an oath vnto the Damosell

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2846"><cit work="NT. Matthew 14.7-11"><f t="r">Matth.14.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-179"><bkdv3 n="2847">which danced before him, to giue vnto her whatsoeuer shee would aske:
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-180"><bkdv3 n="2848">when shee was instructed before of her wicked mother to aske the head
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-181"><bkdv3 n="2849">of Saint <f t="r"><name t="ps">Iohn Baptist</name><f t="bl">, <name t="ps">Herod</name> as hee tooke a wicked oath, so hee more
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-182"><bkdv3 n="2850">wickedly performed the same, and cruelly slewe the most holy Prophet.
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-183"><bkdv3 n="2851">Likewise did the malicious Iewes make an oath, cursing themselues
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-184"><bkdv3 n="2852">if they did either eate or drinke, vntill they had slaine Saint <f t="r"><name t="ps">Paul</name><f t="bl">. And

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2853"><cit work="NT. Acts 23.14"><f t="r">Acts 23.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-185"><bkdv3 n="2854"><f t="r"><name t="ps">Iephtah</name><f t="bl"> when <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> had giuen to him victorie of the children of
<name t="ps">Am</name><f t="bl">{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-186"><bkdv3 n="2855"><name t="ps">mon</name>, promised (of a foolish deuotion) vnto <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, to offer for a sa{\-}

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2856"><cit work="OT. Judges 11.30-39"><f t="r">Iudges 11.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-187"><bkdv3 n="2857">crifice vnto him, that person which of his owne house should first meete
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-188"><bkdv3 n="2858">with him after his returne home. By force of which fonde and vnadui{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-189"><bkdv3 n="2859">sed oath, hee did slay his owne and onely daughter, which came out of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-190"><bkdv3 n="2860">his house with mirth and ioy to welcome him home. Thus the promise
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-191"><bkdv3 n="2861">which hee made (most foolishly) to <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, against <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> euer{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-192"><bkdv3 n="2862">lasting will, and the law of nature, most cruelly hee performed, so com{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-193"><bkdv3 n="2863">mitting against <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> a double offence. Therefore, whosoeuer ma{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-194"><bkdv3 n="2864">keth any promise, binding himselfe thereunto by an oath: let him fore{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-195"><bkdv3 n="2865">see that the thing which hee promiseth, bee good, and honest, and not
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-196"><bkdv3 n="2866">against the commandement of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, and that it bee in his owne
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-197"><bkdv3 n="2867">power to performe it iustly. And such good promises must all men keepe
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-198"><bkdv3 n="2868">euermore assuredly. But if a man at any time shall, either of ignorance,

<bkdv3 n="2869"><fw t="sig">E</fw><fw t="catch">or</fw>

<bkdv2 type="page" n="50" sig="E1v" side="inner" forme="1">

<bkdv3 n="2870"><f t="r"><fw t="pag">50</fw> <fw t="header">The II. part of the Sermon</fw><f t="bl">

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-199"><bkdv3 n="2871">or of malice, promise and sweare to doe any thing which is either against
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-200"><bkdv3 n="2872">the law of Almighty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">, or not in his power to performe: let him
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-201"><bkdv3 n="2873">take it for an vnlawfull and vngodly oath.
<p>

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2874"><f t="i">Against per{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2875">iurie. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-202"><bkdv3 n="2876">Now something to speake of periurie, to the intent you should know
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-203"><bkdv3 n="2877">how great and grieuous an offence against <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> this wilfull periurie
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-204"><bkdv3 n="2878">is, I will shew you what it is to take an oath before a Iudge vpon a

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2879"><f t="i">An oath be{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2880">fore a Iudge. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-205"><bkdv3 n="2881">booke. First, when they laying their hands vpon the Gospell booke, doe
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-206"><bkdv3 n="2882">sweare truely to enquire, and to make a true presentment of things
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-207"><bkdv3 n="2883">wherewith they be charged, and not to let from saying the trueth, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-208"><bkdv3 n="2884">doing truely, for fauour, loue, dread, or malice of any person, as <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-209"><bkdv3 n="2885">may helpe them, and the holy contents of that booke: They must consi{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-210"><bkdv3 n="2886">der, that in that booke is contayned <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> euerlasting truth, his
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-211"><bkdv3 n="2887">most holy and eternall word, whereby we haue forgiuenesse of our sinnes,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-212"><bkdv3 n="2888">and be made inheritours of heauen, to liue for euer with <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> An{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-213"><bkdv3 n="2889">gels and Saints, in ioy and gladnesse. In the Gospell booke is contay{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-214"><bkdv3 n="2890">ned also <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> terrible threats to obstinate sinners, that will not
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-215"><bkdv3 n="2891">amend their liues, nor beleeue the trueth of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> his holy word, and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-216"><bkdv3 n="2892">the euerlasting paine prepared in hell for Idolaters, hypocrites, for false
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-217"><bkdv3 n="2893">and vaine swearers, for periured men, for false witnesse bearers, for
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-218"><bkdv3 n="2894">false condemners of innocent and guiltlesse men, and for them which for
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-219"><bkdv3 n="2895">fauour, hide the crimes of euill doers, that they should not bee punished.
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-220"><bkdv3 n="2896">So that whosoeuer wilfully forsweare themselues vpon <name t="ps">Christs</name> holy
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-221"><bkdv3 n="2897">Euangelie, they vtterly forsake <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> mercy, goodnesse, and trueth,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-222"><bkdv3 n="2898">the merits of our Sauiour <name t="ps">Christs</name> natiuity, life, passion, death, resur{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-223"><bkdv3 n="2899">rection and ascension, they refuse the forgiuenesse of sinnes, promised to
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-224"><bkdv3 n="2900">all penitent sinners, the ioyes of heauen, the company with Angels and
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-225"><bkdv3 n="2901">Saints for euer. All which benefits and comforts are promised vnto
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-226"><bkdv3 n="2902">true Christian persons in the Gospell. And they, so being forsworne vp{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-227"><bkdv3 n="2903">on the Gospell, doe betake themselues to the Diuels seruice, the master
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-228"><bkdv3 n="2904">of all lies, falshood, deceit, and periurie, prouoking the great indignati{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-229"><bkdv3 n="2905">on and curse of <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> against them in this life, and the terrible wrath
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-230"><bkdv3 n="2906">and iudgement of our Sauiour <name t="ps">Christ</name>, at the great day of the last iudge{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-231"><bkdv3 n="2907">ment, when hee shall iustly iudge both the quicke and the dead, accor{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-232"><bkdv3 n="2908">ding to their workes. For whosoeuer forsaketh the trueth, for loue of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-233"><bkdv3 n="2909">displeasure of any man, or for lucre and profit to himselfe, doeth for{\-}

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2910"><f t="i">Though per{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2911">iurie doe e{\-}
<bkdv3 n="2912">scape heere
<bkdv3 n="2913">vnspied and
<bkdv3 n="2914">vnpunished,
<bkdv3 n="2915">it shall not
<bkdv3 n="2916">doe so euer. <f t="bl">
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-234"><bkdv3 n="2917">sake <name t="ps">Christ</name>, and with <name t="ps">Iudas</name> betray him. And although such periu{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-235"><bkdv3 n="2918">red mens falshood bee now kept secret, yet it shall bee opened at the last
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-236"><bkdv3 n="2919">day, when the secrets of all mens hearts shall bee manifest to all the
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-237"><bkdv3 n="2920">world. And then the trueth shall appeare, and accuse them: and their
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-238"><bkdv3 n="2921">owne conscience, with all the blessed company of Heauen, shall beare
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-239"><bkdv3 n="2922">witnesse truely against them. And <name t="ps">Christ</name> the righteous Iudge shall
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-240"><bkdv3 n="2923">then iustly condemne them to euerlasting shame and death. This sinne

<note place="lmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2924"><cit work="OT. Malachai 3.5"><f t="r">Mala.3.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-241"><bkdv3 n="2925">of periurie, Almighty <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> by the Prophet <f t="r"><name t="ps">Malachie</name><f t="bl"> doeth threaten
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-242"><bkdv3 n="2926">to punish sore, saying vnto the Iewes, I will come to you in iudgement,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-243"><bkdv3 n="2927">and I will bee a swift witnesse and a sharpe Iudge vpon sorcerers, a{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-244"><bkdv3 n="2928">dulterers, and periured persons. Which thing to the Prophet <f t="r"><name t="ps">Zachary</name><f t="bl">

<bkdv3 n="2929"><fw t="catch"><f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"></fw>

<bkdv2 type="page" n="51" sig="E2r" side="outer" forme="2">

<bkdv3 n="2930"><fw t="header"><f t="r">of Swearing</fw><fw t="pag">51</fw><f t="bl">

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-245"><bkdv3 n="2931"><f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> declareth in a vision, wherein the Prophet saw a booke fleeing,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-246"><bkdv3 n="2932">which was twenty cubites long, and ten cubites broad, <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> saying

<note place="rmargin">
<bkdv3 n="2933"><cit work="OT. Zachariah 5.1-4"><f t="r">Zacha.5.<f t="bl"></cit>
</note>

<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-247"><bkdv3 n="2934">then vnto him, this is the curse that shall goe foorth vpon the face of
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-248"><bkdv3 n="2935">the earth, for falsehood, falseswearing, and periurie. And this curse
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-249"><bkdv3 n="2936">shall enter into the house of the false man and into the house of the periu{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-250"><bkdv3 n="2937">red man, and it shall remaine in the middest of his house, consume him,
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-251"><bkdv3 n="2938">and the timber and stones of his house. Thus you see how much <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl">
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-252"><bkdv3 n="2939">doth hate periurie, and what punishment <f t="bll">GOD<f t="bl"> hath prepared for false
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-253"><bkdv3 n="2940">swearers, and periured persons.
<p>
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-254"><bkdv3 n="2941">Thus you haue heard, how and in what causes it is lawfull for a Chri{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-255"><bkdv3 n="2942">stian man to sweare: yee haue heard what properties and conditions a
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-256"><bkdv3 n="2943">lawfull oath must haue, and also how such lawfull oathes are both god{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-257"><bkdv3 n="2944">ly and necessary to be obserued: yee haue heard, that it is not lawfull to
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-258"><bkdv3 n="2945">sweare vainely, (that is) other wayes then in such causes, and after such
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-259"><bkdv3 n="2946">sort as is declared. And finally, yee haue heard how damnable a thing
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-260"><bkdv3 n="2947">it is, either to forsweare ourselues, or to keepe an vnlawfull, and an vn{\-}
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-261"><bkdv3 n="2948">aduised oath. Wherefore let vs earnestly call for grace, that all vaine
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-262"><bkdv3 n="2949">swearing and periurie set apart, wee may onely vse such oathes as
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-263"><bkdv3 n="2950">be lawfull and godly, and that wee may truely without all
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-264"><bkdv3 n="2951">fraud keepe the same, according to <f t="bll">GODS<f t="bl"> will
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-265"><bkdv3 n="2952">and pleasure. To whom with the
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-266"><bkdv3 n="2953">Sonne, and the holy Ghost, be
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-267"><bkdv3 n="2954">all honour and glory.
<ttdv4 n="I.7.2-268"><bkdv3 n="2955">AMEN.
<hr>

</ttdv3>
</ttdv2>