[ History of English
| English Composition
| Literary Authors
| Literary Works
| Literary Criticism
Glossary of Literary Theory
The aesthetics of the brotherhood founded in 1848 by Dante Gabriel Rossetti
in reaction against the conventionality and academicism of contemporary
painting. The Pre-Raphaelites advocated a return to the simplicity and
piety of Italian painting before Raphael (1483-1520). These ideals were
appropriated by a group of literary artists -- Rossetti, his sister Christina,
Algernon Charles Swinburne, William Morris, and others -- whose sensuous
exactitude resulted in their being designated the "Fleshly School"
of poetry. As well as exhibiting this attentiveness to exact detail, their
productions incorporate aspects of medievalism and supernaturalism.
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