[ History of English
| English Composition
| Literary Authors
| Literary Works
| Literary Criticism
Glossary of Literary Theory
A man-centered rather than a god-centered view of the universe. In the
Renaissance, Humanism devoted itself to the revival of classical culture:
the life, thought, language, and literature of ancient Greece and Rome.
A reaction against the divine concerns of medieval Scholasticism and Aestheticism,
Humanism orients itself toward secular concerns and applies classical ideas
to theology, church reform, government, literature, criticism, and education.
In literature the main virtues are seen to be restraint, form, and imitation
of the classics, the ultimate authorities being Aristotle and Horace. (See
also Christian humanism, New
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