[ History of English
| English Composition
| Literary Authors
| Literary Works
| Literary Criticism
Glossary of Literary Theory
A term used by the Russian Formalist Viktor Shklovsky to describe the
capacity of art to counter the deadening effect of habit and convention
by investing the familiar with strangeness and thereby deautomatizing perception.
Defamiliarization is not simply a question of perception; it is the essence
of "literariness." Calling attention to its techniques and conventions
("baring the device"), literature exposes its autonomy and artificiality
by foregrounding and defamiliarizing its devices.
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