UTEL [ History of English | English Composition | Literary Authors | Literary Works | Literary Criticism ]
Glossary [ Main Entries | Key Words | Index of Names ]

UTEL

Glossary of Literary Theory
by Greig E. Henderson and Christopher Brown

Carnival / carnivalesque:

A term used by Mikhail Bakhtin to describe the "joyful relativity" and "vitality" of the novel, which, unlike the lyric poem, incorporates a rich variety and multiplicity of styles, points of view, and voices. The "polyphonic" novel, unlike the "monological" poem, is inherently "dialogical." The novelistic, together with the carnivalistic, runs in its early forms from the Socratic dialogue through the Menippean satire. For Bakhtin truth is arrived at dialectically and dialogically through the competitive cooperation of divergent voices.


© Greig E. Henderson and Christopher Brown,
University of Toronto
Hypertext and HTML by Christopher Douglas
University of Toronto English Library
Director: Ian Lancashire.
Last modified: March 31, 1997