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"Emily Jane Brontë (1818-1848) was born at Thornton in Yorkshire. Two years later her father, Patrick Brontë, was appointed perpetual curate of Haworth, near Bradford. After the death of their mother in 1821 and two older sisters in 1825, the surviving Brontë children - Charlotte, Emily, Anne and Patrick - were brought up in this somewhat bleak parsonage by their aunt, Elizabeth Branwell.
"They formed their own closely integrated society and in the biographical notice to Wuthering Heights, Charlotte explains the inducement to write: `We were wholly dependent on ourselves and each other, on books and study, for the enjoyments and occupations of life. The highest stimulus, as well as the liveliest pleasure we had known from childhood upwards, lay in attempts at literary composition.' They wrote tales, fantasies, poems, journals, serial stories and brought out a monthly magazine. Emily collaborated with Anne to write the Gondal cycle, which inspired some of her most passionate poems.
"After Charlotte's discovery of her poetry notebooks, Emily reluctantly agreed to a joint publication with her sisters of Poems, by Curer, Ellis and Acton Bell (1846). She is best remembered, however, for her only novel, Wuthering Heights (1847; written under the pseudonym Ellis Bell). Published a year before her death from tuberculosis, it is perhaps the most passionately original novel in the English language."
Source: Penguin Web Site (http://www.futurenet.co.uk/Penguin/Authors/72.html). Accessed 6 December 1996.
This is a project of the Department of English and the Faculty of Arts and Science, funded by the Provost's Electronic Courseware Fund. The University of Toronto English Library was created by Ian Lancashire, Christopher Douglas, and Dennis G. Jerz. We wish to thank the University of Toronto Information Commons, and the members of the Centre for Academic Technology, especially John Bradley, Ian Graham, and Allen Forsyth. See individual Works pages for other credits.
The author portrait was painted by Emily Brontë's brother, Patrick Branwell Brontë. (Source: Norma Crandall. Emily Bronte: A Psychological Portrait. Rindge, NH: Richard R. Smith Publisher, 1957. Page vi. PR 4173 C7 1970 ROBA.)
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