Analytical Studies

Commitments Produced at Selected Summits, 1975-2001

Prepared by Professor John Kirton and Dr. Ella Kokotsis

Note: A dash (-) indicates the subject was discussed but no commitment was made.

  1975 1981 1982 1988 1989 1994 1995 1996 2000 2001
Total Leaders' Commitments 37 40 65 27 61 27 76 125 169 58
G7 Declarations 23 31 30 16 38 27 59 58 12 10
G8 Declarations   -   -   - -   97 43
Political Declarations - - 0 7 - - 0 49 54  
Chairs' Political Summaries   2   4   - 19      
Other Declarations 14 7 35 0 23 - 0 18    
Total Leaders' Commitments by Issue Area
World Economy 10 5 13 1 1 - 4 19 1 1
Financial System/Abuse 5 - 6 4 2 - - - 6 5
Economic Efficiency         3     12    
Employment - - 35 - - - 3 7 0 1
Education   -   -   - -   0 7
Ageing   -   -   - 1   6 0
Info/Communications Tech.   - - - - - - 3 57 3
Trade - 6 - 6 6 - 9   4 2
Development 4 10 4 3 2 - 7 21 15 12
Debt Relief/HIPC - - - 2 2 - 5   9 7
Health - - - - - - - 3 15 3
Energy 1 8 2 - - - - - - -
Environment (Genome) - - - 0 11 - 5 7 11 9
Biotechnology/Food Safety   -   -   - -   3 2
Nuclear Safety/Ukraine - - - - - - 3 5 2 0
Cultural Diversity   -   -   - -   2 0
Refugees   1   -   - -   - -
Human Rights - - - - 3 - 2 5 - -
East-West Relations 3 2 4 4 9 - - - - -
Economies in Transition - - - 0 - - 1 1 - -
Multilateral Institutions - - - - - - 19 4 - -
Crime and Drugs - - - 1 11 - 3 14 18 2
Terrorism - 7 - 2 9 - 2 7 4 0
Nonproliferation/Arms Control - - - - - - 4 4 7 0
Regional Issues - 1 - - - - - 4 - 2
Middle East - - 1 4 - - 1 - 2 0
Africa   -   - - - 1   2 2
Asia Pacific - - - - 2 - 1 - - -
Europe - - - 4 2 - 1 9 2 -
Conflict/Crisis Prevention 0 -   -   - 4   3 0


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