2013 Lough Erne G8 Summit
Interim Compliance Report

18 June 2013 to 13 January 2014
Prepared by Enko Koceku, Laura Correa Ochoa, Guillaume Kishibe and Sarah Danruo Wang
with Caroline Bracht,
G8 Research Group, Trinity College, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto
Toronto
and Mark Rakhmangulov, Andrey Shelepov and Vitaly Nagornov
National Research University Higher School of Economics International Organisations Research Institute
Moscow

25 April 2014

The 2013 Lough Erne G8 Summit Interim Compliance Report reviews progress made on selected commitments set out at the 2012 Lough Erne Summit for the period of 18 June 2013 to 13 January 2014. The preface and summary of the findings are listed below. The 2013 Interim Compliance Scores and Summary Compliance Scores since 1996 are also listed below.

Download the full 2013 Lough Erne G8 Summit Interim Compliance Report (PDF, 214 pages), or download the each section below.

The report contains the following sections, which can be downloaded separately:

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Preface

Each year since 1996, the G8 Research Group has produced a compliance report on the progress made by the G8 members in meeting the commitments their leaders issue at each summit. Since 2002, the group has published an interim report to assess progress during the transition from one host to the next, and a final report issued just before the annual summit. These reports, which monitor each member's efforts on a carefully chosen selection of the many commitments announced at the end of each summit, are offered to the general public and to policy makers, academics, civil society, the media and interested citizens around the world in an effort to make the work of the G8 more transparent and accessible, and to provide scientific data to enable the meaningful analysis of this unique and informal institution. Compliance reports are available at the G8 Information Centre at www.g8.utoronto.ca/compliance.

Based at the University of Toronto and founded in 1987, the G8 Research Group strives to be the leading independent source of analysis and information about the G8. It is an international network of scholars, professionals and students. The group oversees the G8 Information Centre, which publishes, at no charge, research on the G8 as well as official documents issued by the G8.

For the 2013 Interim Compliance Report, 18 priority commitments were selected from the 214 commitments made at the Lough Erne Summit, hosted by the United Kingdom from 17 to 18 June 2013. This report assesses the results of compliance with those commitments as of 13 January 2014. The G8 Research Group in Toronto has, for the eighth year, worked with a team at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE) in Moscow led by Mark Rakhmangulov, specifically on the reports for Russia.

To make its assessments, the G8 Research Group relies on publicly available information, documentation and media reports. To ensure the accuracy, comprehensiveness and integrity of these reports, we encourage comments and suggestions. Indeed, this is a living document, and the scores can be recalibrated if new material becomes available. All feedback remains anonymous and is not attributed. Responsibility for this report's contents lies exclusively with the authors and analysts of the G8 Research Group.

The work of the G8 Research Group would not be possible without the steadfast dedication of many people around the world. This report is the product of a team of energetic and hard-working analysts led by Enko Koceku, chair of the student G8 Research Group, as well as the co-directors of the Compliance Unit: Laura Correa Ochoa, Guillaume Kishibe and Sarah Danruo Wang. It would also not be possible without the support of Dr. Ella Kokotsis, director of accountability, and Caroline Bracht, director of research. We are also indebted to the many people who provide feedback on our draft version, whose comments have been carefully considered in this revised report.

John Kirton Director, G8 Research Group The University of Toronto G8 Research Group Interim Compliance Report on the 2031 Lough Erne Summit is based on an analysis of compliance by G8 member states and the European Union with 18 priority commitments made at the Lough Erne Summit and covers the period from 18 June 2013 to 13 January 2014.

The Interim Compliance Scores are contained in Table A. This report is intended to provide an assessment of G8 members' compliance with the commitments made at Lough Erne. The observations contained in this report are therefore based on information relevant to actions taken between 18 June 2013 and 13 January 2014.

John Kirton
Director
G8 Research Group

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Summary

The Overall Interim Compliance Score

The results of the G8 Research Group's assessments indicate that, for the period June 2013 to January 2014, the G8 members received an average interim compliance score of +0.40. Individual scores are assigned on a scale where +1 indicates full compliance with the stated commitment, 0 is awarded for partial compliance or a work in progress, and -1 is reserved for those countries that fail to comply or that take action that is directly opposite to the stated goal of the commitment.

Compliance by Member

G8 members' rankings are roughly in line with past interim reports, with slight variations. The United States and the European Union are tied for first place among G8 member states with each receiving an overall score of +0.61. The United Kingdom follows with +0.56, just ahead of Canada and France each with +0.44, followed by Italy and Germany with +0.28, and Russia with +0.22. Japan ranks last among G8 members with an interim compliance score of +0.17.

The Compliance Gap Between Members

Overall compliance by commitment is almost uniformly distributed from 0 to +1, with the sole exception of Climate Finance (-0.11). Like in previous years, only one commitment scored a 0 average. Eight commitments scored between 0 and +0.50 with the remaining eight commitments scoring above +0.50. No commitments scored a +1, a decline from one in 2011, and three in 2010.

Compliance by Commitment

This year, the difference between the highest and lowest G8 compliance scores is 0.44, similar to the difference in the 2010 interim report, but much lower than the 2012 final compliance score of 0.70.

Compliance was strongest on the Global Imbalances commitment, which saw seven member states plus the EU score full compliance. The other macroeconomic policy commitment on Global Demand received a considerably lower score, although it was still a positive +0.33. Compliance was also generally strong on Information and Communication, which received an +0.67 and Deepening Impact on Malnutrition, which scored a +0.56. Members received an average score of +0.56 for the Countering Violent Extremism, the Deauville Partnership commitment, as well as the Regional Security: Syria commitment.

Compliance varied for the two transparency-related commitments. Members were awarded a score of +0.56 for Corporate Transparency, while transparency for Extractive Industries received a score of +0.44.

The three trade commitments received varying scores, with African Trade and Infrastructure receiving a +0.56. The remaining commitments scored lower, with the Trade deals commitment Members received an average score of +0.22 for both Anti-Money Launderingand Development: Country-Led Reforms, which were two of the lowest scores during this stage of the cycle.

Members appeared to have the most difficulty with the two Climate Change commitments, receiving low scores on both. They received an average of +0.33 for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition. Furthermore, the only negative average for the cycle was the commitment for Climate Finance, which received a -0.11.

Future Research and Reports

The information contained within this report provides G8 member countries and other stakeholders with an indication of their compliance results in the post-Lough Erne period. As with previous compliance reports, this report has been produced as an invitation for others to provide additional or more complete information on country compliance. As always, comments are welcomed and would be considered as part of an analytical reassessment. Please send feedback to g8@utoronto.ca.

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Table A: 2013 Lough Erne Interim Compliance Scores

Commitment Name
Canada
France
Germany
Italy
Japan
Russia
United Kingdom
United States
European Union
Average
1 Trade [8]
+1
0
+1
0
0
+1
0
0
+1
+0.44
2 Macroeconomic Policy: Global Demand [37]
0
0
0
0
+1
+1
0
+1
0
+0.33
3 Macroeconomic Policy: Global Imbalances [45]
+1
+1
-1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+1
+0.78
4 Trade: Green Growth [54]
+1
0
-1
-1
+1
+1
-1
0
0
0
5 Trade: African Trade and Infrastructure [69]
+1
+1
0
+1
0
-1
+1
+1
+1
+0.56
6 Finance: Tax Evasion and Profit Shifting [76]
0
+1
+1
+1
0
+1
0
0
0
+0.44
7 Transparency: Corporate Transparency [87]
0
0
+1
+1
0
+1
+1
+1
0
+0.56
8 Crime and Corruption: Anti-Money Laundering [95]
0
-1
0
-1
0
+1
+1
+1
+1
+0.22
9 Transparency: Extractive Industries [97]
+1
0
0
+1
0
-1
+1
+1
+1
+0.44
10 Information and Communication [115]
0
+1
0
+1
+1
+1
+1
0
+1
+0.67
11 Health: Deepening Impact on Malnutrition [136]
+1
+1
+1
+1
0
-1
+1
0
+1
+0.56
12 Climate Change: Climate and Clean Air Coalition [145]
+1
0
+1
0
-1
-1
+1
+1
+1
+0.33
13 Climate Change Climate Finance [150]
-1
0
+1
-1
0
-1
0
0
+1
-0.11
14 Development: Country-Led Reforms [157]
-1
+1
0
0
0
0
+1
+1
0
+0.22
15 Finance: Stolen Asset Recovery [162]
0
0
0
0
+1
0
0
0
0
+0.11
16 Terrorism: Countering Violent Extremism [183]
+1
+1
0
+1
-1
0
+1
+1
+1
+0.56
17 Regional Security: Deauville Partnership [186]
+1
+1
0
0
0
0
+1
+1
+1
+0.56
18 Regional Security: Syria [198]
+1
+1
+1
0
0
+1
0
+1
0
+0.56
Country Average
0.44
0.44
0.28
0.28
0.17
0.22
0.56
0.61
0.61
0.40
2012 Final Compliance Average
0.71
0.65
0.76
0.29
0.65
0.18
0.65
0.88
0.59
0.60
2011 Final Compliance Average
0.67
0.50
0.44
0.33
0.56
0.56
0.61
0.61
0.61
0.54
2010 Final Compliance Average
0.61
0.44
0.50
0.17
0.28
0.61
0.50
0.56
0.44
0.46
2010 Interim Compliance Average
0.61
0.22
0.50
0.22
0.27
0.38
0.44
0.50
0.50
0.40

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Research Team

Professor John Kirton, Director, G8 Research Group
Professor Marina Larionova, Head, HSE International Organisations Research Institute
Dr. Ella Kokotsis, Director of Compliance, G8 Research Group
Caroline Bracht, Senior Researcher, G8 Research Group
Enko Koceku, Chair, G8 Research Group
Laura Correa Ochoa, Co-director, Compliance Unit, G8 Research Group
Guillaume Kishibe, Co-director, Compliance Unit, G8 Research Group
Sarah Danruo Wang, Co-director, Compliance Unit, G8 Research Group
Mark Rakhmangulov, HSE Research Team Leader

Lead Analysts

Sarah Burton
David Cosolo
Michael Humeniuk
Christine Jacob
Emily Johnson
Akbar Khurshid
Eric Na
Derakhshan Qurban-Ali
Elizabeth Yando

Analysts at the University of Toronto

Mina Akrami
Aditya Rau
Akshay Sharmal
Alex Mazanik
Alexander Cohen
Alexandra Zaralis
Alissa Wang
Amelia Cook
Andrew Greene
Andy Li
Angel Ji
Annie Rose Webb
Anthony Marchese
Araf Khaled
Arnold Yung
Artur Pereira
Brenan Sivapragasam
Colin Campbell
Daniel Szulc
Duja Muhanna
Edward Xiao
Elise Wagner
Fabliha Chaudhury
Farina Mendelson
Freda Zhang
George Grobe
Gianluca Canaletti
Hadear Shaheen
Hayden Rodenkirchen
Ifath Fatima
James Flynn
Jay Thakore
Jennifer Commisso
Jerome Newton
Ji Won Chun
Jihae Jang
John Yoon
Julianna Yang
Kasra Behnampour
Kertia Johnson
Kevin Chen
Kevin Parra Duque
Kriti Bhatt
Krizia Lutan
Leah Bae
Liam Moloney
Lucia Vanta
Malcolm Peck-McQueen
Margot Whittington
Mohamed Huque
Monica Layarda
Navmeet Jassal
Nikhil Pandey
Pin Hu Jenny Chen
Raajan Aery
Rab Bruce-Lockhart
Rehaan Khan
Reid Dobell
Rija Rasul
Saima Jahan
Sangeethai Sivan
Sasha Boutilier
Sarah Harrison
Sevda Sparks
Sohyeoun Joung
Stephanie Lim
Syed Ahmed
Tannuva Akbar
Tracy Wang
Ujwal Ganguly
Vipasha Shaikh
Vladimir Sukhodolskiy
Yining Ji
Zakaria Abdulle

Analysts at the State University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Andrei Sakharov
Andrey Shelepov

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